Prognosis of Klinefelter Syndrome
With careful health monitoring, the prognosis for Klinefelter syndrome is usually good. If the patient has other medical conditions in addition to Klinefelter syndrome, the prognosis can be adversely affected.
Because Klinefelter syndrome is a problem with the chromosomes, there is no cure for the disease yet. However, the prognosis of Klinefelter syndrome is good, provided the patient has careful and consistent monitoring of his health, as well as early treatment of any problems that occur. Many men with Klinefelter syndrome lead full and active lives, and can expect a normal lifespan.
A prognosis gives an idea of the likely course and outcome of a disease. Several factors affect a person's prognosis, including other medical conditions that can occur because of Klinefelter syndrome.
Men with Klinefelter syndrome are at increased risk for certain medical problems. These medical problems include:
- Autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, lupus, and hypothyroidism
- Male breast cancer
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Because of these medical conditions and their complications (such as heart disease), a person with Klinefelter syndrome is at increased risk of premature death. Regular checkups help ensure that any changes in health are noted and treated, if needed. The doctor may also schedule certain screening tests to look for problems before symptoms occur. Between scheduled visits, patients should contact their doctor if they have any health problems.
The doctor who is most familiar with a patient's situation is in the best position to discuss the prognosis and to explain what the statistics of Klinefelter syndrome may mean for that person. At the same time, it is important to understand that even the doctor cannot tell exactly what to expect.