Genetics Home > Turner Syndrome Information

Turner syndrome is caused by the complete or partial absence of one of the two X chromosomes. It is present at birth, and it only affects females. This condition can cause an array of features and symptoms, including:
  • Short stature
  • Infertility
  • Heart defects
  • Extra skin on the neck (webbed neck).
Because the syndrome is due to a problem with the chromosomes, there is no cure. Medications, surgery, and regular screening are some of the treatments used to keep the symptoms under control. Any girl who is very short for her age or who is growing at less than two inches per year should be checked for Turner syndrome.
(To learn more, click Turner Syndrome. This full-length article provides information on topics such as how it is diagnosed and other names for the condition.)
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Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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