Genetics Home > Klinefelter Syndrome
Because Klinefelter syndrome is a problem with the chromosomes, there is no cure. Therefore, treatments focus on controlling the symptoms.
Treatments for this condition may include:
- Regular checkups and screenings
- Testosterone (see Testosterone Treatment for Klinefelter Syndrome)
- Counseling and support.
Counseling for parents of males with Klinefelter syndrome -- as well as for the males themselves -- at different stages of development has been shown to be beneficial.
(Click Treatments for Klinefelter Syndrome for more information on how this condition is treated. You can also click Children with Klinefelter Syndrome, Klinefelter Syndrome and School, Adolescents with Klinefelter Syndrome, and Adults with Klinefelter Syndrome to learn more about things to consider at each stage of development.)
Men with Klinefelter syndrome are at increased risk for certain medical problems. These include:
- Autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, lupus, and hypothyroidism
- Male breast cancer
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Because of these medical conditions and their complications (such as heart disease), a person with Klinefelter syndrome is at increased risk of premature death.