Genetics Home > Treatments for Klinefelter Syndrome
Regular injections of the male hormone testosterone, beginning at puberty, can promote strength and facial hair growth, as well as bring about a more muscular body type.
In addition to these physical changes, testosterone injections often bring on psychological changes. As they begin to develop a more masculine appearance, males with Klinefelter syndrome tend to develop increased self-confidence. Many become more energetic and stop having sudden, angry changes in mood.
(Click Testosterone Treatment for Klinefelter Syndrome to learn more about this particular option.)
About one-third of boys with Klinefelter syndrome develop enlarged breasts (known as gynecomastia) in early adolescence, which may become permanent. However, only about 10 percent of males with this condition have breast enlargement great enough to require surgery.
Counseling for parents of males with Klinefelter syndrome -- as well as for the males themselves -- at different stages of development has been shown to be beneficial.
Learning as much as possible about this disorder and possible problems is also important. Doctors, nurses, and other members of the healthcare team can answer questions that parents and their sons may have about treating Klinefelter syndrome or other activities.
Patients and their families often find that they need help coping with the emotional and practical aspects of Klinefelter syndrome. Meeting with a social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy can be helpful for those who want to talk about their feelings or discuss their concerns.
Klinefelter syndrome support groups can also help. In these groups, patients and their family members get together to share what they have learned about coping with the disease. Patients may want to talk with a member of their healthcare team about finding such a group. Support groups may offer support in person, over the telephone, or on the Internet.
(Click Children With Klinefelter Syndrome, Klinefelter Syndrome and School, Adolescents With Klinefelter Syndrome, and Adults With Klinefelter Syndrome to learn more about things to consider at each stage of development.)