Treatments for Turner Syndrome
There are several problems that can occur because the ovaries do not function properly in a person with Turner syndrome. Medications can be used to treat Turner syndrome in these cases.
It is standard medical practice to treat girls with Turner syndrome with estrogen to induce breast development and other features of puberty if menses has not occurred by age 15 at the latest. Girls and women with Turner syndrome should be maintained on estrogen-progesterone treatment to maintain their secondary sexual development and to protect their bones from osteoporosis until at least the usual age of menopause (50 years).
Most women with Turner syndrome do not have ovaries with healthy oocytes capable of fertilization and embryo formation. Current assisted reproductive technology, however, may allow women to become pregnant with donated oocytes.
Surgery as a Turner Syndrome TreatmentKidneys problems occur in up to 35 percent of women with Turner syndrome, and heart problems occur in up to 15 percent of women with Turner syndrome. In some cases, surgery can fix these problems.
Between 5 and 10 percent of children with Turner syndrome are found to have a severe constriction of the major blood vessel coming out from the heart, a condition known as "coarctation of the aorta." This defect is thought to be the result of an obstructed lymphatic system compressing the developing aorta during fetal life. This can be surgically corrected as soon as it is diagnosed.
Counseling and SupportCounseling for parents and the child at different stages of development has been shown to be beneficial. Learning as much as possible about Turner syndrome and possible problems is also very important. Make sure to use your doctors, nurses, and other members of the healthcare team as resources to answer your questions.
Patients and their families often find they need help coping with the emotional and practical aspects of Turner syndrome. Meeting with a social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy can be helpful to those who want to talk about their feelings or discuss their concerns.
Turner syndrome support groups can also help. In support groups, patients and their family members get together to share what they have learned about coping with the disease. Patients may want to talk with a member of their healthcare team about finding a Turner syndrome support group. These support groups may offer support in person, over the telephone, or on the Internet.